Author Archive for Dr. Ram

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Murphy’s Sign

By on February 8th, 2018 in Anatomy and Body

What is Murphy’s sign? It is a finding for differentiating the cause, by physical examination of a patient having pain in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen (1). This test is positive if the patient is having acute cholecystitis (inflammation of the gall bladder) (1). John Benjamin Murphy was the American Surgeon who described […]

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Hypervolemia

By on February 6th, 2018 in Diseases and Conditions

What is Hypervolemia/ Fluid overload? When the blood vessels in our body carry abnormally high volume of blood, the condition is called hypervolemia (1). In fact, the fluid portion of the blood is higher in this state. Further in this article, we would be looking at what maintains the fluid balance, how hypervolemia occurs, their […]

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Odynophagia

By on February 2nd, 2018 in Diseases and Conditions

What is Odynophagia ? Origin of the word ‘Odynophagia’ is from Greek (1). Odyno- Pain (1) Phagia- (phagein)- to eat. (1) So the word meaning can be considered as ‘Pain to eat’ or pain while eating. Definition of Odynophagia Painful swallowing is called as odynophagia (2). The pain may be related to particular food item […]

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HIV Rash

By on February 2nd, 2018 in Skin

Rashes itself is not a diagnosis or a disease but indicate an underlying condition, infection or drug reactions (1). Most of them are non-infectious or self-limiting. They may appear throughout the body or may be limited to different body parts. The name HIV rash itself is scary. Here the term ‘rash’ is not what scares, […]

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Lichenification

By on February 1st, 2018 in Skin

What is Lichenification of skin? Definition: Skin ‘Lichenification’ occurs when there is chronic irritation or itching of the skin that leads to thickening of the skin at the site due to repeated scratching (1, 2, 3, 4). It looks thick and leathery with prominent skin cracks and scales. Picture 1 : Image shows an area […]

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Sepsis and Septicemia

By on January 16th, 2018 in Diseases and Conditions

What is Sepsis and Septicemia? Definitions: Septicemia in simple terms can be said as infection in blood. This is the reason why it has been used with interchangeable terms such as ‘Blood Poisoning’, ‘Bacteremia’ and ‘Sepsis’. The infection in blood can be due to the organism itself being in the blood or may be due […]

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Red Blood Cell Indices

By on January 15th, 2018 in Uncategorized

Most of us have seen blood check reports which show various values indicating changes in many health conditions. Though it is difficult for a non-medical person to understand their implications, most are able to compare the results with the normal values. Certain indices of red blood cells had always been a part of the report […]

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